Herbs to support patients with diabetes

This story has been changed to correct the details regarding administration of insulin
+Natural health
In print
Natural health

Herbs to support patients with diabetes

Phil Rasmussen

The Hindi name of gymnema is “gurmur”, which means “sugar destroyer” due to its sugar-neutralising properties [Image – Vinayaraj, CC BY-SA 4.0]

Plants and spices from across the globe have potential to improve outcomes for people with type 2 diabetes, writes pharmacist and medical herbalist Phil Rasmussen

Diabetes is a metabolic condition where the body doesn’t produce sufficient insulin, leading to hyperglycaemia and a wide range of related symptoms an
  1. Schwingshackl L, Hoffmann G, Lampousi AM, et al. Food groups and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Eur J Epidemiol 2017;32(5):363–75.
  1. McMacken M, Shah S. A plant-based diet for the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes. J Geriatr Cardiol 2017;14(5):342–54.
  1. Martín-Peláez S, Fito M, Castaner O. Mediterranean diet effects on type 2 diabetes prevention, disease progression, and related mechanisms. A review. Nutrients 2020;12(8):2236.
  1. Deyno S, Eneyew K, Seyfe S, et al. Efficacy and safety of cinnamon in type 2 diabetes mellitus and pre-diabetes patients: A meta-analysis and meta-regression. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2019;156:107815.
  1. Huang FY, Deng T, Meng LX, Ma XL. Dietary ginger as a traditional therapy for blood sugar control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Medicine (Baltimore) 2019;98(13):e15054.
  1. Mohammad A, Falahi E, Mohd Yusof BN, et al. The effects of the ginger supplements on inflammatory parameters in type 2 diabetes patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Clin Nutr ESPEN 2021;46:66–72.
  1. Mahmoodi MR, Mohammadizadeh M. Therapeutic potentials of Nigella sativa preparations and its constituents in the management of diabetes and its complications in experimental animals and patients with diabetes mellitus: A systematic review. Complement Ther Med 2020;50:102391.
  1. Badar A, Kaatabi H, Bamosa A, et al. Effect of Nigella sativa supplementation over a one-year period on lipid levels, blood pressure and heart rate in type-2 diabetic patients receiving oral hypoglycemic agents: nonrandomized clinical trial. Ann Saudi Med 2017;37(1):56–63.
  1. Tiwari P, Mishra BN, Sangwan NS. Phytochemical and pharmacological properties of Gymnema sylvestre: an important medicinal plant. Biomed Res Int 2014;2014:830285.
  1. Devangan S, Varghese B, Johny E, et al. The effect of Gymnema sylvestre supplementation on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Phytother Res 2021;35(12):6802–12.
  1. Kumar VH, Nayak IN, Huilgol SV, et al. Antidiabetic and hypolipidemic activity of Gymnema sylvestre in dexamethasone induced insulin resistance in Albino rats. Int J Med Res Health Sci 2015;4(3):639–45. 
  1. Kashima N, Kimura K, Nishitani N, et al. Suppression of oral sweet sensations during consumption of sweet food in humans: Effects on gastric emptying rate, glycemic response, appetite, food satisfaction and desire for basic tastes. Nutrients 2020;12(5):1249.
  1. Lang R, Wang X, Liang Y, et al. Research progress in the treatment of idiopathic membranous nephropathy using traditional chinese medicine. J Transl Int Med 2020;8(1):3–8.
  1. Zhang YW, Xie D, Chen YX, et al. Protective effect of Gui Qi mixture on the progression of diabetic nephropathy in rats. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2006;114(10):563–68.
  1. Yin Y, Li H, Chen Y, et al. Combination of Astragalus membranaceous and Angelica sinensis ameliorates vascular endothelial cell dysfunction by inhibiting oxidative stress. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2020;2020:6031782. 
  1. Dong Y, Zhao Q, Wang Y. Network pharmacology-based investigation of potential targets of astragalus membranaceous-angelica sinensis compound acting on diabetic nephropathy. Sci Rep 2021;11(1):19496.
  1. Ji H, Zhou X, Wei W, et al. Ginkgo biloba extract as an adjunctive treatment for ischemic stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. Medicine (Baltimore) 2020;99(2):e18568.
  1. Nie J, Yu C, Guo Y, et al. Tea consumption and long-term risk of type 2 diabetes and diabetic complications: a cohort study of 0.5 million Chinese adults. Am J Clin Nutr 2021;114(1):194–202.
  1. Nguyen TT, Ta Q, Nguyen T, et al. Type 3 diabetes and its role implications in Alzheimer’s disease. Int J Mol Sci 2020;21(9):3165.